1 edition of Some effects of petroleum on nearshore Alaskan marine organisms found in the catalog.
Some effects of petroleum on nearshore Alaskan marine organisms
by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Research Laboratory, Center for Environmental Research Information in Corvallis, Or, Cincinnati, Ohio
Written in English
|Statement||by D.G. Shaw ... [et al.]|
|Contributions||Shaw, D. G. 1945-, Corvallis Environmental Research Laboratory|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||3 p. :|
Many organisms die from oil contamination due to toxicity, hypothermia, or smothering. Sublethal effects of oil are witnessed by accumulation of unchanged hydrocarbons in tissues of aquatic organisms such as mussels and seals. Oil detoxification products can be . Start studying OCE Chapter Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. Browse. Marine pollution results in or is likely to result in harmful effects to marine life. toxic substances become increasingly concentrated in the tissues of organisms in each higher level of the food web.
OIL IN THE -SEA INPUTS, FATES, AND EFFECTS Steering Committee for the Petroleum in the Marine Environment Update Board on Ocean Science and Policy Ocean Sciences Board Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources National Research Council NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS Washington, D.C. Read chapter 1 Introduction: Since the early s, experts have recognized that petroleum pollutants were being discharged in marine waters worldwide, fr.
Authors: Maciejowska, M.; Rakowska, E. Publication Date: Mon Jan 01 EST OSTI Identifier: Alternate Identifier(s): OSTI ID: Resource Type. Some Alaska Native communities, who make up a majority of the inhabitants of northern Alaska, are also concerned about damages to the environment on which their lives depend. Preventing oil drilling in Alaska may seem an unlikely prospect, given that 80 percent of Alaska’s economy is based on petroleum extraction; but Shell’s announcement.
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Some effects of petroleum on nearshore Alaskan marine organisms. Corvallis, Or.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Research Laboratory ; Cincinnati, Ohio: Center for Environmental Research Information, .
Metabolism of petroleum hydrocarbons: Accumulation and biotransformation in marine organisms. In: Effects of Petroleum on Arctic and Subarctic Marine Environments and Organisms.
Vol. II Biological Effects, pp. Academic Press, New York. Warner, J. Determination of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons in marine organisms. Anal. vvEPA United States Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Research Laboratory Corvallis OR Research and Development EPA/S July Project Summary Some Effects of Petroleum on Nearshore Alaskan Marine Organisms D.
Shaw, L E. Clement, D. Mclntosh, and M. Stekoll The overall objective of this project was to better understand the effects of chronic, low. A method has been devised to utilize easily obtainable eggs of Fucus as a bioassay. The effects of various petroleum products on growth and early development of the zygote has been studied.
A crude oil had much less effect on Fucus growth than did No. 2 fuel oil or two jet fuels. Fate and Effects of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Marine Ecosystems and Organisms - 1st Edition.
Home. Books & Journals. Agricultural and Biological Sciences. Agricultural and Biological Sciences (General) Life Sciences (General) Fate and Effects of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Marine Ecosystems and Edition: 1.
Large scale ecosystem level studies of nearshore species and habitats most affected by the spill completed infound evidence of long-term spill effects among nearshore species dependent on a nearshore food web where benthic invertebrates transfer primary production to upper level consumers such as sea otters and sea ducks.
Oil in the sea from anthropogenic sources, whether from spills or chronic releases, is perceived as a major environmental problem. Major oil spills occur occasionally and receive considerable public attention because of the obvious attendant environmental damage, including oil-coated shorelines and dead or moribund wildlife, especially oiled seabirds and marine by: 2.
The remaining chapters of the book summarize the current scientific literature on the sources and distributions in the ocean of each of the contaminants of concern and their bioaccumulation and toxicity to marine organisms. This book will be of value to: environmental scientists in the oil and gas industry; marine toxicologists and ecological risk assessors in academia, government, and industry; government regulatory agencies concerned with marine.
Offshore, water-soluble fractions of crude oil and refined petroleum products can cause immediate toxic effects on all life stages of marine organisms near the water’s surface.
Plankton occurring in the top layers of the water column are assumed to be particularly at risk since they would be exposed to the highest concentrations of the water. What you know as oil is actually called petroleum or crude oil and may exist as a combination of liquid, gas, and sticky, tar-like substances.
Oil and natural gas are cleaner fuels than coal, but they still have many environmental disadvantages. The secret to fossil fuels’. ALTHOUGH much publicity has been given to the harmful effects of oil on bird life, little evidence is available to show how marine organisms are influenced by oil pollution.
Recent accidents Cited by: Extracting Petroleum In some places, petroleum bubbles to the surface of the Earth. In parts of Saudi Arabia and Iraq, for instance, porous rock allows oil to seep to the surface in small ponds. However, most oil is trapped in underground oil reservoirs.
The total amount of petroleum in a reservoir is called oil-in-place. Many petroleum liquids. Barite occurs naturally in the mud fraction of marine sediments and has a very low aqueous solubility and is not toxic to marine organisms (Neff, ).
a TPH -total petroleum hydrocarbons, the. Valuable areas under threat In many cases, oil and gas exploration and drilling is permitted in or near Marine Protected Areas (MPAs).
WWF believes that the threat posed by oil developments - and the oil and gas industry's track record in often failing to protect the environment adequately - makes such developments too big a risk to be allowed near or in MPAs.
Alaska's Ecosystems Alaska is the largest and least densely populated state in the country, with a reputation for scenic grandeur and bountiful fish and wildlife.
From the dense moss carpeted rainforests of southeast Alaska, to the wide-open expanses of the tundra on the North Slope these ecosystems and provide habitat for a variety of fish and.
In addition, oil spills, both on land and on water, can have horrific effects on Alaska’s soil conditions and aquatic ecosystems, as the Valdez crisis demonstrated. Inthe Exxon Valdez oil tanker, leaving out of Valdez, Alaska on its way to Los Angeles, spilled nearly 11. Environmental Effects of the Alaska Pipeline Home Images Pipeline Specifications While the Alaskan Pipeline surely has some negative environmental effects, it is better than arctic waters are home to especially environmentally sensitive organisms, like the marine flora (FederalFile Size: KB.
In: Effects of Petroleum on Arctic and Subarctic Marine Environments and Organisms (ed. Malins), Volume II, Academic Press, New York, – Google Scholar Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada ().Cited by: 5. accumulating effects on whales and other receptors because current cleanup methods can remove only a small fraction of spilled oil, especially under conditions of broken ice.
For other areas of concern, effects have accumulated, although in some cases efforts by the petroleum industry and regulatory agencies have reduced Size: KB. Start studying Oceanography chapter Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search.
Marine pollution results in or is likely to result in harmful effects to marine life. Large durable pieces of plastic can entangle marine animals. The ecosystem response to the spill of oil from the Exxon Valdez into Prince William Sound, Alaska, shows that current practices for assessing ecological risks of oil in the oceans and, by extension, other toxic sources should be changed.
Previously, it was assumed that impacts to populations derive almost exclusively from acute mortality. However, in the Alaskan coastal ecosystem Cited by: marine organisms in the production and destruction of organic matter and the role of the ocean-atmosphere system in controlling water circulation as the latter determines the rates of O 2 and nutrient delivery.
Since the processes leading to the formation of large petroleum deposits occurred tens and even hundreds of millions of years ago.Marine mammals are common, highly visible, and charismatic species that are potentially vulnerable to oil contamination, yet we know surprisingly little about the effects of oil on either individuals or populations.
In this regard, the Exxon Valdez oil spill in the nearshore waters of Alaska is unique. This spill of 11 million gallons of Cited by: 4.